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Critical Thinking - Academically Adrift - Essay Example Students must be critical. Critical thinking is about questioning the conventional system of doing things especially when it is dysfunctional. Students must concentrate on solution finding academic procedures that are born through innovation (Padget, 2012). Critical thinking leads to increased concentration and outright improvement. Educators are duty bound to provoke students to be solution oriented. Students must look at innovation as the only way of survival (Sullivan, & Rosin, 2008). Methods of learning should be modeled to allow flexibility and educational engagement that is firmly committed to purposeful living as opposed to presentation of credentials. Lack of rigor has been cited as a major reason for declining educational standards. Many graduates are said to be living below the poverty line. The syllabuses have to be criticized. Students must take units that encourage them to be part of the solutions. The education system should be both preparatory and solution based. The intensity of successful education model should be in bent on answering the present day challenges (Sullivan, & Rosin, 2008). The culture of socially responsible education system must be entrenched in the future education systems. Units that enhance creativity and social engagement with an aim to get solutions must be given preference. This calls for funded research and innovation centers. The syllabuses should be regularly reviewed to counter the emerging challenges with cheap and sustainable
Marketing - Essay Example Buzz.greatfxbusinesscards.com). It also helps to minimize risks associated with business operations and also enables the creation of benchmarks to help measure progress. Marketing research is often outsourced to different companies and this functions as a disadvantage because the data obtained may be too general and may not reflect the elements that only an organization can collect based upon its intimate knowledge of its customers (Gordon, 2008). Contemporary research suggests that companies allot the lionâ€™s share of their resources towards marketing their products rather than on doing research. (Gordon, 2008). Most companies also use third parties, i.e, market research companies, to carry out their research which helps to prevent bias but may also have disadvantages, as indicated above. There is a general tendency to use electronic methods for data collection, through the use of surveys. Additional qualitative research methods may be used to gather general information about companies, while quantitative studies may focus upon quarterly, half yearly or annual measurement of key metrics in assessing changing customer trends over time.(www.lifestyledynamics.com) The process of marketing requires considerable thought and a comprehensive study of the market. Firstly, there must be an adequate level of consumer demand for the product. Secondly, knowledge about the product needs to be communicated to consumers through the use of effective advertising. A product is likely to succeed if it is able to address a demand and is priced reasonably but if consumers are unaware of the availability of the product, or if it is priced too high, it may fail to garner adequate levels of sales. The sale of certain products will also depend upon the place where they are sold, for example, warm clothes sell in cold locations. If a product is to be successful, Price, Promotion and Place must all be considered. Kotler has identified ten
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